Upper in suede calf leather. Full soft leather lining. Upper leather, outsole and midsole are sewn at sight. Insole and midsole in genuine leather. Leather heel with special anti-slip rubber. Cotton waxed shoe laces. Handcrafted leather outsole with special anti-slip rubber. Height increase 2.75inches(7cm) or 3.1inches (8cm) or 4 inches(10cm) by request. Hand Made in Italy.